Short Futures


Sell Futures

Margin Requirement

Yes, variable margin required as market moves higher


  • Futures price risk is eliminated (unlimited protection to lower price levels)
  • No premium expense, only transaction costs
  • Flexible, offset at any time


  • Higher futures price does not improve selling price
  • Capital expense of potential margin exposure

When to Apply

  • If futures price level fits into budget or operating margin (no flexibility is needed to participate in higher prices)
  • If price outlook is bearish
  • Lack of liquidity in option

Potential Adjustment

  • In a rising market, protect short futures position by buying a call option or call spread to help increase sale price level set by futures
  • In a falling market, replace short futures position with a put option or put spread as market